What is Vertigo? Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

A vestibular disorder or vertigo is an inner ear disease that causes dizziness, imbalance, and vomiting. The disease interferes with the everyday activities of the person experiencing it, for he cannot manage to perform even the simplest task without assistance from a family member or a caregiver.

Severe vertigo forces one to leave his job, sacrifice his social life and distance himself from friends.

According to the American Physical Therapy Association, more than 35% of the country’s population aged 40 and older are suffering from vertigo. Some of the common signs of this disease include involuntary eye movements, which are called nystagmus, vomiting, loss of appetite, blurred vision, lethargy, tinnitus, or a ringing sensation, and nocturia or frequent urination at night.

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is oftentimes confused with simple dizziness, which should not be the case because the former requires immediate medical attention.

Vertigo comes in different forms but the most common, especially among older people, is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. When a person with BPPV moves his head in different directions he feels a spinning motion, as calcium crystals residing in his ear’s semicircular canals move and result in vertigo.

Although vertigo is always associated with ear and brain problems, some physicians claim that the disease can also stem from malfunctioning internal organs.

What Could Cause Vertigo?

Aside from the presence of calcium crystals, also known as canalithiasis, in the semicircular canals, the cupula rocks or cupulolith particles in the ampulla – which resembles a pouch – at both ends of the semicircular canals, cause vertigo.

Meanwhile, experts in the field of alternative medicine who have conducted in-depth clinical studies on vertigo believe that impaired internal organs lead to poor blood circulation and thus resulting in the disease. According to them, the only way to avoid vertigo is by supplying the brain with a sufficient amount of blood.

They also link the disease to a high incidence of migraine, multiple sclerosis, and tumor.

Diagnosis of Vertigo

Compared to cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and other life-threatening diseases that do not leave people with many choices, vertigo is more manageable and may be treated.

Anyone who suspects he has vertigo should consult a specialist right away so that he can undergo the necessary tests and receive the proper treatment as soon as possible.

A licensed physician will probe into the family health history of the patient to trace the origin of the illness. After this, the patient goes through a series of physical tests specifically designed to check his vestibular system, eye and head movements, gait, and overall posture.

In addition to conducting physical tests on a person with vertigo, some doctors perform the pulse and tongue diagnosis to find out if the sickness is a result of organ malfunction.

Treatment of Vertigo

 The treatment of vertigo is dependent on the result of the diagnosis. Doctors prescribe oral medications like Betahistine hydrochloride at the onset of vertigo and recommend physical therapy. However, they would recommend surgery for vertigo that lasts a couple of days to a week.

Caring for Someone with Vertigo

People with vertigo should reduce their salt, liquor, and coffee intake. Aside from this, families of vertigo patients should be constantly present, so they can provide the latter with assistance should dizziness suddenly attack.

In addition to the change of diet and the provision of round-the-clock care and support, it is important to stock the medicine cabinet with Betahistine hydrochloride or another kind of antivertigo drug that can relieve a vertigo patient’s dizziness.

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