The goal is not to restrict food but to maintain blood sugar control.
Lifestyle issues are the foundation of living with any kind of diabetes, including type 1 diabetes. It is essential to manage type 1 diabetes by eating well, exercising, and managing stress.
The goal is not to restrict food but to keep blood sugar levels under control. Nutrition plays an important role. Health talks to Deena Adimoolam MD, an endocrinologist and preventive medicine specialist from New Jersey. “Diet may help with type 1 diabetes.”
What is type one diabetes?
The most basic form of diabetes is type 1, which has abnormally high-level blood sugar. This can eventually lead to neuropathy, blindness, heart disease, and other serious complications, such as kidney and heart disease.
But, the causes of each type are different. Type 2 is primarily caused by environmental factors. For example, they are being obese or overweight and eating high-fat, high sugar diets. This type is most common in adults.
Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile-onset diabetes, is an autoimmune disease. The body’sbody’s immune systems accidentally destroy the insulin-producing pancreas cells. Lack of insulin leads to dangerously high blood sugar levels.
Is there a special diet for type one diabetes?
Management of type 1 diabetes involves keeping blood sugar regularly to prevent future complications. “Taking control of your blood sugar is what will save you from a lot of trouble later,” Sandra J. Arevalo RDN tells Health.
All people with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin for the rest of their lives, but diabetes is highly individual. There will be different insulin requirements for other people. Your insulin dosage must be adjusted to your diet, lifestyle, exercise, stress, and metabolism. The first steps to finding the right combination of insulin and diet (as well as training) will involve trial and error. Arevalo admits that it takes time before you find the perfect number. She says that people with type 1 diabetes aren’taren’t static. It will change as the years go by. There is no single diet for diabetes.
One way to start a dietary plan is with the Diabetes Food Pyramid, based on the well-known Food Pyramid from the US Department of Agriculture. Depending on how many calories you need, the plan recommends:
- Six or more starches daily such as beans and whole-wheat toast, potatoes, yams, and potatoes
- At least three vegetables. Consider dark green and orange. Arevalo suggests that “the more colors, the better.”
- Two or more fruits
- Two or more different kinds of milk. This could also include non-fat or low-fat yogurt.
- 4 to 6 ounces (or more) of meat or any other protein
- As many as three fats
It is important to limit alcohol, sweets, and fatty food intake.
The plate method simplifies things. Non-starchy vegetables should make up half of your plate. One-fourth of the plate should be meat or other protein. The remaining one-fourth should contain starch or grain.
The timing of your meals and how much you exercise can have an impact on blood sugar. Consulting with a registered dietitian or diabetes educator will help you develop a plan that suits your personal needs.
What foods are suitable for type 1 diabetics?
Type 1 diabetes can eat a healthy diet that is very similar to the one everyone should follow. This includes focusing on grains, vegetables, and fruits, as well as low-fat dairy. Remember that almost three-quarters of Americans are overweight or obese, which means they may already have type 2 diabetes or are at risk for it.
Dr. Adimoolam explains that “when it comes to diabetes control, some carbohydrates may prove more beneficial than others.” Complex carbohydrates are generally better than simple carbs.
Complex carbohydrates are legumes and beans, as well as whole-grain bread and pasta. These foods have a lower glucosemic index than their simple carbohydrate counterparts. It means that they don’tdon’t raise blood sugar as frequently. Meats or fats contain very few carbs or none and have a minimal effect on blood sugar. Lean meats are better than “healthy fats” such as avocados, nuts, or seeds. Instead of using butter and margarine, use oil for cooking.
What foods should you avoid for type 1 diabetes?
You should stay clear of refined carbohydrates if you have Type 1 DiabetesThis includes decadent white chocolates, chips, candy, and cakes as well fried foods, energy drinks, juices, and flavored milk. Some high-sugar foods may be necessary for type 1 diabetes patients if their blood sugar levels drop too low.
Drinking water, milk, or non-sugar-sweetened drinks like Crystal Light and diet soda are the best choices. These beverages won’twon’t raise blood sugar as much as regular sodas or energy drinks.
Avoid vegetables with added sauces and instead choose fruits. Low-fat and low-fat yogurts are the best, especially for those with no added sugar.
Type 1 diabetes, low-carb diet
It is common to believe that carbohydrates can be bad for type 1 diabetes. However, you should not altogether avoid them. Arevalo says that this is a myth because carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for humans.
Carbohydrates account for most of the sugar in the bloodstream. Because of this, the quality and quantity of carbs that you consume are important.
Dr. Adimoolam explains that patients suffering from type 1 diabetes should be taught how to count carbohydrates. This is done by learning how to calculate the total amount of carbohydrates in a meal and then calculating their insulin requirements based on that number.
She states that “the more complex sugars a person with type-1 diabetes consumes in their diet, the more stable they will be.” “We advise patients with type-1 diabetes to avoid restricting or limiting carbohydrates and to eat a healthy, balanced diet.”
Type 1 diabetes and the keto diet
There has been considerable interest in using the high-fat, very-low-carb ketogenic (“keto”) diet to control diabetes, including type 1 diabetes. Our bodies usually get energy from sugar, which is carbohydrate-rich food. By restricting carbs and loading up on fat, the keto diet makes your body rely on ketones, which your liver produces from stored fat.
The topic is still controversial. One microscopic study found that adults with type 1 diabetes who followed a keto diet had well-controlled blood sugar levels but that the diet may have increased cholesterol levels and episodes of low blood sugar, which can be severe. Experts still don’tdon’t know enough about the effects of the keto diet on our bodies. So don’tdon’t make significant changes to your eating habits without consulting a specialist.
Can type 1 diabetes can be controlled with diet alone?
The simple answer is yes. It doesn’tdoesn’t matter what you eat. However, healthy living includes proper sleep and exercise. The amount of insulin you are taking must also be considered. Type 1 diabetes patients will need to be mindful of insulin, diet, exercise, stress, and many other aspects throughout their lives.