A family member or a friend with cardiovascular disease is at heightened risk of cardiac arrest, which stops the heart from pumping blood to the brain and other vital organs. This health emergency can become a matter of life and death within minutes. By knowing the signs of cardiac arrest, you can get immediate treatment for a loved one and avoid a possible disastrous circumstance.
When you see these signs in a person, be ready for a case of cardiac arrest.
1. Loss of Consciousness
If someone known to have a heart ailment suddenly loses balance in walking or even standing, consider the possibility of cardiac arrest. You can confirm it if you ask the person if he or she is okay, yet you do not get a reply and that person does not even react. Try to tap the person’s shoulders. If you encounter no response, stay as composed as possible during this emergency situation.
2. Lack of Pulse and Breathing
Check the pulse and breathing of an unconscious individual. Two indicators of cardiac arrest are the absence of pulse and cessation of breathing. The affected person must inhale and exhale again in order to prevent oxygen loss in the body, ensuring his or her survival.
3. Chest Pain
This is an obvious sign that a possible cardiac arrest is underway. No matter how severe it can get, chest pain should not be overlooked, especially in people with cardiovascular disease. Healthier individuals whose family has a history of heart disease must pay attention to this sign.
4. Severe Fatigue
Be suspicious when a loved one or any person experiences too much fatigue even without performing tasks or activities that take a toll on stamina. Let the fatigued person rest in a comfortable position, but be sure to watch over and stay alert as this might be followed by loss of consciousness.
5. Unexplained Vomiting
Another sign of cardiac arrest is nausea, especially if the individual does not experience stomachache or has not ingested tainted food. Ask if the person feels dizzy as well, as dizziness is another indicator of cardiac arrest.
Do the Necessary Steps
If a telephone or mobile phone is at hand, dial 9-1-1 promptly. As you wait for emergency medical services, you may have to administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR to the affected individual.
The American Heart Association summarizes CPR into another acronym called CAB, which stands for Compressions, Airway, and Breathing. Under Compressions, put one palm atop another on the center of the person’s chest and push hard in rapid succession. Tilt the head backwards, lift the chin, and keep the nostrils and mouth clear for the Airway part. Finish it up with Breathing by performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
In fact, you may use an automated external defibrillator or AED during an onset of cardiac arrest. This life-saving device can be found in public places like airports, shopping malls, hotels, education centers, and sports venues. An AED unit provides instructions during an emergency, including the right instance to administer an electric shock.
With this information, you can identify a case of cardiac arrest easier and even save someone’s life when the time comes.
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